Annatto Natural Colour, a vibrant pigment derived from the seeds of the achiote tree (Bixa orellana), is a popular food colouring agent used worldwide. The spectrum of Annatto Natural Colour extends from yellow to deep orange, depending on the form and concentration used. These colours are attributed to the carotenoids, bixin and norbixin, present in the seeds. Here, we delve into the different types of Annatto Natural Colour, their uses, benefits, and potential side effects.
The Bixa orellana or achiote tree is a tropical plant native to South and Central America. The tree produces spiky pods, which house the annatto seeds. These seeds are rich in bixin and norbixin, carotenoids responsible for their vibrant yellow-to-orange hues.
Annatto Natural Colour is available in several forms, each with its unique properties and uses. These forms include:
The Annatto Oil Soluble is a viscous, dark orange suspension. It is obtained through an alkaline aqueous extraction process, neutralized with inorganic acids, and suspended in non-GMO vegetable oil. The oil-soluble nature of AOS makes it an ideal colourant for oil-based products.
Annatto Is derived from achiote seeds and is dark brown powder.
It is derived from extraction process which involves Alkaline Method, followed from neutralization with inorganics acid and atomization in alkaline Solution.
The Production of Annatto Nor Bixin is similar to Annatto Water soluble but involves drying and milling. Norbixin Powder has good solubility in hot alkali solution.
The selection of the appropriate type of Annatto Natural Colour depends on the product to be coloured and the desired appearance. For oil-based products like cheese, margarine, and snacks, the oil-soluble form is preferred. On the other hand, water-based products such as beverages, dairy products, and confectioneries benefit from the water-soluble variant.
Apart from its primary role as a food colouring agent, Annatto Natural Colour offers various potential health benefits. These include:
Annatto Natural Colour is rich in plant-based compounds with antioxidant properties. These compounds neutralize potentially harmful molecules known as free radicals, thereby preventing cell damage.
Research suggests that annatto may inhibit the growth of various bacteria and fungi. This indicates a promising role for annatto in food preservation.
Preliminary research indicates that annatto may suppress cancer cell growth. However, more human studies are needed to substantiate these findings.
Annatto Natural Colour, with its vibrant hues and potential health benefits, is a popular natural colouring agent. Its various forms, including Annatto Oil Soluble, Annatto Water Soluble, and Annatto Norbixin Powder, cater to different applications and product requirements. Despite the potential allergic reactions in some individuals, Annatto Natural Colour remains a safe and beneficial component in many food products worldwide.